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Breeding Season: Begins in late April and may last into September.
Breeding Age: First year.
Clutch Size: 15, hens will lay several clutches per season if eggs are removed for artificial incubation. In well planted aviaries, hens will easily hatch and raise their own young.
Incubation Period:: 24 days.
Description - Male: The face and throat is rusty-orange. The breast is finely vermiculated gray with a dark-chestnut horseshoe marking on the upper abdomen; the belly is white and to light buff. The upper back is vermiculated brown, gray and white; the wings are mottled with dark brown. The tail is chestnut.
Description - Female: The hen is similar to the male. The horseshoe marking on the breast maybe absent, smaller or lighter than in the male.
Status in Captivity: Very common and often kept by small breeders and large scale game farms.
Misc Notes: Aggressive for their size. While they will get along in groups during the winter months, birds must be paired up by early March or fighting will begin. Aviary sizes should be at least six feet long by two feet wide and always, the larger the better. If you are in a very damp region and must keep the birds on wire, a portion of the cage should have a solid bottom with sand or straw for the hen to nest in. They are hardy birds and able to withstand temperature extremes. If hand rearing chicks, they should be isolated by species as the Perdix may pick at the toes of other species in a brooder.
Bibliography and Further Reading
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