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Description - Male: spadicea - Males with red facial skin, crown, cheeks and throat finely spotted with grey & white; overall rufous-brown with darker tail; typically with 2 spurs on each leg. caurina - Males much lighter than spadicea with wide faint grey feather margins; stewarti - Darkest race, males deeper chestnut-red, females with deeper buff and dark barring.
Description - Female: Females differ from males with mottled black on upper parts, sometimes spurless, but may carry one per leg. caurina - females very pale, with black mottling replaced with very fine grey vermiculations.
Status in Captivity: Has never been very common in American aviculture, but as in many partridges and francolins, it was regularly kept and bred in our aviaries just a few decades ago. I have been unable to track down the current status of this species in private collections and also noted that ISIS does not have any listed either. The bird in the photograph to the right was taken at the Omaha Zoo in 2002, apparently, they are no longer there.
Bibliography and Further Reading
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