Other Names: Roul-roul Partridge, Crested Partridge, Green Wood Partridge, Red-crowned Wood Partridge
Range: Malayan Peninsula to Borneo and Sumatra
Habitat: Tropical lowland forests
Description: Large red crest with a white forehead-patch at base of crest, red orbitial skin, overall glossy bluish-purple body and red feet and bill.
Description, Female: Lacks the bright crest, but does has a few long feather bristles on the forehead; head and throat mostly gray, the body greenish overall with chestnut-brown wings, black bill and red legs & feet.
Status in Wild: Listed as near threatened by the IUCN.
Status in Aviculture: Uncommon, but highly sought after.
Clutch Size: 4 to 6
Incubation Period: 18-19 days.
Misc. Aviculture Notes: Roul-roul can become very tame in captivity, very charming and have great personalities. They are delicate and not recommended for beginners. They are prone to develop many poultry diseases and need to be kept away from ground where other game birds have been kept. They also do not seem to do well on wire, often developing foot and leg problems. It is recommended that they are kept in pairs and in aviaries with sand bottoms that are well planted. Roul-roul are not winter hardy and need heated quarters during cold weather.
If kept in an indoor, tropical environment, this partridge may lay at anytime during the year. The males seem to do most of the nest building, using pine needles, branches or straw to create a tunnel-like nest. In captivity, the chicks of this species may have problems learning to eat. Provide mealworms and place a few small size chicks such as button quail in the brooder to help "teach" the little partridge to eat.
The diet of Roul-roul in our care consists of game bird mix (Purina Game Bird Maint. & Cracked Corn) this is mixed with finch seed, lovebird diet and softbill pellets and given in a pan with full access. Every two days, the partridge are offered a pan of fruits - chopped apple, pear mainstays, alternate with grape, blueberries, plum, banana, papaya (once a month, not a favorite), Kiwi and orange, vegetables - alternate corn (soft), peas, broccoli, carrots, zucchini, sweet potato and chopped greens (alternate romaine, leaf, endive, kale - never iceberg). Please note I mentioned alternate, I only chop and offer what the partridge will eat in a few hours. Once a week chopped hard-boiled eggs is also added to the pan. Two or three times a week mealworms are given and they will also get an occassional cricket or waxworms when we have extra (after the herps get their's!!). This diet has worked very well for us with not only the partridge, but with all the birds. It is time consuming, but worth it.
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(l to r): 1-3, Jan Harteman; 4-5, Dan Cowell.
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