Other Names: Manchurian Eared-Pheasant
Range: Northeastern China
Habitat: Mountainous, mixed coniferous and decidous forests.
Description: Large brown pheasant, the top of the head is covered with velvety black feathers, the "ears" are white and start beneath the chin and extend back over the ears. The facial skin is scarlet red. The neck is black with a purplish sheen that shades into brown on to the lower back and wings. The base of the tail is silvery gray, the plumes of the tail are dark brown. Immature birds are mottled brown and will attain adult plumage by five months. Sexes are similar, but can be distinguished by looking at the spur. The spurs on the males are larger and round. The female's are much smaller and are oblong in shape. The spurs will begin to be noticeable at about four months of age.
Status in Aviculture: Brown Eared are fairly common in aviculture and recent importations should help the American captive gene pool.
Breeding Season: April to June.
Breeding Age: Second year.
Clutch Size: 5 to 8 eggs.
Incubation Period: 26-27 days.
Misc. Aviculture Notes: They are great diggers, plants in the aviary
usually won't last! A large, well-drained and shady aviary is best for this species.
Brown Eared love greens and they should be offered as often as possible. Brown
Eared hens have good maternal instincts and if clutches are left, will often
brood and rear the chicks. Although first year hens may lay eggs, they are
often not fertile until their second year.
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Bibliography and Further Reading
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