Avicultural Forums


Species Accounts
Pheasants & Peafowl
Francolin & Partridge
Guineafowl & Turkey

Organizations / Clubs

GBWF on Facebook
Animal Wonders
Other Links

cline01 (1K)

Green Junglefowl

(Gallus varius)

Gallus varius

Gallus varius
Photo by Monte Nord

Other Names: Javan Junglefowl

Range: Java and surrounding islands.

Subspecies: None.

Habitat: Forests and cultivations near the coast.

Description: Easily distingushed from the other Junglefowl by the large undented comb. The comb is light blue at the bottom near the head and purplish-red elsewhere; there is only on throat lappet or wattle that is colored the same, but with the blue on the outside edges and a yellow patch nearest to the throat. The overall plumage is metallic green and black with patterns on the neck and nape of lighter green and blue; the wings coverts are covered with bronze hackles. The tail is held lower than in other Gallus species; the rump also with narrow hackles that are dark green with yellow borders..

Description, Female: The hen is also much darker than other Junglefowl and is more pheasant-like in size and appearance when compared to the related species. She has no visible comb, birds with so are often hybrids with Red Junglefowl or domestic fowl. Her overall plumage is dark brown above mottled with dark green feathers that form a scaly appearance; light brown below with less mottling.

Status in Wild: Not much is known of its habits in the wild. It is believed that residents of the less populated areas of Java capture and breed Green Junglefowl with their own domestic fowl.

Avicultural Data

Status in Aviculture: The Green Junglefowl is often kept in American aviculture, but not in great numbers.

Breeding Season: Mid April to June.

Breeding Age: Some are fertile the first year, however, they are not fully mature until the second year.

Clutch Size: 5 to 10 eggs.

Incubation Period: 21 days.

Misc. Aviculture Notes: Green Junglefowl are much more delicate compared to the other Junglefowl species. They are not very winter hardy and may require heat during freezing temperatures. They do not require extremely large aviaries, but plenty of cover or plants should be placed to keep the birds comfortable. Hens may use nesting boxes to lay her clutch. Boxes should be placed three or more feet above the ground; a branch leading to the box would be helpful.

Chicks have the tendacy to be difficult eaters. Golden Pheasant or small bantam chicks are often placed with the Green Junglefowl chicks to help teach them to eat. Mealworms are also needed, fed at least three times a day during the first few days.


Click on thumbnails for larger views.

Photo Credits
(l to r): 1-2, Roman Kmicikewycz; 3-4, James Pfarr.

Bibliography and Further Reading

  • Delacour, J. 1977. The Pheasants of the World. 2nd ed., World Pheasant Association and Spur Publications, Hindhead, U.K.
  • Delacour, J. 1978. Pheasants: Their Care and Breeding. T.F.H. Publishing, Neptune, NJ.
  • Hayes, LB. 1995. Upland Game Birds: Their Breeding and Care. Leland Hayes, Valley Center, CA.
  • Howman, K. 1991. Pheasants of the World: Their Breeding and Management. Hancock House Publishers, Surrey, B.C. Canada.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. 1999. The Pheasants of the World: Biology and Natural History. 2nd ed., Smithsonian Press, Washington D.C.
  • MacKinnon, J., Phillipps, K. 1993. The Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali, the Greater Sunda Islands. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


Links related to Green Junglefowl. Please note, links will open in a new window/tab.

Return toPheasant & Peafowl

Google © 1997-2017 ~ Avicultural Forums ~ Pheasants & Peafowl ~ Grouse ~ Francolins & Partridge ~ Quail ~ Cracids ~ Guineafowl & Turkey ~ Megapodes ~ Waterfowl ~