Red Junglefowl

(Gallus gallus)

Range: Throughout most of southeast Asia, from Paksitan and India eastward and south through Sumatra and Indonesia; domesticated form found worldwide.

Subspecies: There are five subspecies with variation in size of facial wattles & combs, length and color of the neck hackles in males. Cochin-Chinese (G. g. gallus), Burmese (G.g. spadiceus), Tonkinese (G. g. jabouillei), Indian (G. g. murghi) and Javan (G. g. bankiva).

Habitat: Varied, most types of forests present in southeast Asia, field edges, groves and scrubland.


Status in Wild: Generally considered common and widespread, but there is a strong possibility that a large number of wild birds have bred with feral domestic chickens.

Interesting Facts: Is the ancestor of all domestic chickens.

Avicultural Data

Status in Aviculture: Red Junglefowl in the pure, wild form are still rather uncommon in captivity. There are thousands of birds that can be claimed as Red Junglefowl, but there are only a few that are the pure subspecies without any interbreeding from domestics or within the races. There is now studbook for this species and many breeders are also having their bird's DNA tested for purity.

Breeding Season: Typically, March through June.

Clutch Size: 5-6

Incubation Period: 18-21 days


Click on thumbnails for larger views.

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Photo Credits
(l to r): 1-3, John Corder; 4-5, Jan Harteman.

Bibliography and Further Reading


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