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cline01 (1K)

Red Junglefowl

(Gallus gallus)




Red Junglefowl, Gallus gallus

Gallus gallus
Photo by Tom Condon


Range: Throughout most of southeast Asia, from Paksitan and India eastward and south through Sumatra and Indonesia; domesticated form found worldwide.

Subspecies: There are five subspecies with variation in size of facial wattles & combs, length and color of the neck hackles in males. Cochin-Chinese (G. g. gallus), Burmese (G.g. spadiceus), Tonkinese (G. g. jabouillei), Indian (G. g. murghi) and Javan (G. g. bankiva).

Habitat: Varied, most types of forests present in southeast Asia, field edges, groves and scrubland.

Description:

Status in Wild: Generally considered common and widespread, but there is a strong possibility that a large number of wild birds have bred with feral domestic chickens.

Interesting Facts: Is the ancestor of all domestic chickens.

Avicultural Data

Status in Aviculture: Red Junglefowl in the pure, wild form are still rather uncommon in captivity. There are thousands of birds that can be claimed as Red Junglefowl, but there are only a few that are the pure subspecies without any interbreeding from domestics or within the races. There is now a studbook for this species and many breeders are also having their bird's DNA tested for purity.

Breeding Season: Typically, March through June.

Clutch Size: 5-6

Incubation Period: 18-21 days


Images

Click on thumbnails for larger views.

1 2 3 4 5

Photo Credits
(l to r): 1-3, John Corder; 4-5, Jan Harteman.


Bibliography and Further Reading

  • Brown, D. 1998. A Guide to Pheasants & Waterfowl, Their Management, Care & Breeding. ABK Publications, South Tweed Heads, Australia.
  • Delacour, J. 1977. The Pheasants of the World. 2nd ed., World Pheasant Association and Spur Publications, Hindhead, U.K.
  • Delacour, J. 1978. Pheasants: Their Care and Breeding. T.F.H. Publishing, Neptune, NJ.
  • Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C., Inskipp, T. 1999. Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Christopher Helm, London; Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Howman, K. 1991. Pheasants of the World: Their Breeding and Management. Hancock House Publishers, Surrey, B.C. Canada.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. 1999. The Pheasants of the World: Biology and Natural History. 2nd ed., Smithsonian Press, Washington D.C.
  • Madge, S., McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Robson, C. 2002. Birds of Thailand. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.


Links

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