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cline01 (1K)

Grey Junglefowl

(Gallus sonnerati)




Other Names: Sonnerat's Junglefowl

Range: Central and southern India

Subspecies: None

Habitat: Varied, from dense jungle and bamboo forests to clearings and villages near humans.

Description: The comb is red and dented, similar to that of the Red Junglefowl. The long neck hackles, which are much sought after by fly-tyers, are dark gray to black with white and yellow bars. These are lost each summer during the eclipse. The back and rump feathers are grayish-black with white streaks. Tail is black with a purple sheen. First year males will have shorter and duller feathers.

Description, Female: Darker than Red Junglefowl, the head is brown with light streaks on the forehead. The comb is very small and is dull red. The back, rump and wings are mottled brown and black; the breast is white, abdomen light buff and the flanks light brown.

Status in Wild: Status is very good since it has adapted to live near humans.

Avicultural Data

Status in Aviculture: Common and popular in both American and European aviculture.

Breeding Season: March to July.

Breeding Age: Second year.

Clutch Size: 4 to 6.

Incubation Period: 21 days.

Misc. Aviculture Notes: Easy to care for in captivity, but will need some protection from the elements. Will hybridize with other junglefowl species and domestic fowl, care must be taken to prevent this.


Images

Click on thumbnails for larger views.

1 2 3 4 5

Photo Credits
(l to r): 1-2, Matt Tuttle; 3-5, Jan Harteman.


Bibliography and Further Reading

  • Delacour, J. 1977. The Pheasants of the World. 2nd ed., World Pheasant Association and Spur Publications, Hindhead, U.K.
  • Delacour, J. 1978. Pheasants: Their Care and Breeding. T.F.H. Publishing, Neptune, NJ.
  • Grewal, B. 2000. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Local Colour Limited, Hong Kong.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. 1999. The Pheasants of the World: Biology and Natural History. 2nd ed., Smithsonian Press, Washington D.C.
  • Madge, S., McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.


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