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cline01 (1K)

White Eared-Pheasant
(Crossoptilon crossoptilon)

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cline01 (1K)



Additional Information

Breeding Season: Late April to June.

Breeding Age: Second year

Clutch Size: 4-7

Incubation Period:: 24-25 days

Description - Male: A distinctive large, overall white pheasant, with a velvety black crown, red facial skin and dark tail. Unlike other members of the genus, the ear-tufts are quite small and they carry a smaller, less ornate tail. Sexes are generally similar, but the hens are usually smaller.

Description - Female:

Status in Captivity: The Drouyni and Szechuan races seem to be the most commonly seen races and are well established. I once read an article that the Dolan's have made it to American aviaries, but I've not read any more on their establishment. The Yunnan may have been imported, but it is likely that they were confused with Szechuan and interbred.

Misc Notes: Should be kept in pairs. Hardy birds that can withstand cold temperatures very well, but they will need protection from the heat and sun of the summer. A large aviary is required.

The breeding season usually starts in May and lasts through June. The clutch size is about 4 to 7 buff eggs which are incubated for 24 days. Some White Eared males have the tendency to be somewhat aggressive towards their mates, so it is recommended that the aviary be large, with lots of cover and locations for the females to hide. Trimming one wing of the male may also reduce his aggressive advances.


cline01 (1K)
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Bibliography and Further Reading

  • Delacour, J. 1977. The Pheasants of the World. 2nd ed., World Pheasant Association and Spur Publications, Hindhead, U.K.
  • Delacour, J. 1978. Pheasants: Their Care and Breeding. T.F.H. Publishing, Neptune, NJ.
  • De Schauensee, R.M. 1984. The Birds of China. Smithsonian Press, Washington D.C.
  • Howman, K. 1991. Pheasants of the World: Their Breeding and Management. Hancock House Publishers, Surrey, B.C. Canada.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. 1999. The Pheasants of the World: Biology and Natural History. 2nd ed., Smithsonian Press, Washington D.C.
  • Madge, S., McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.


cline01 (1K)


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