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cline01 (1K)

California Quail
(Callipepla californica)

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cline01 (1K)

Valley Quail

Callipepla californica
Photo by Bruce Craig


Additional Information

Breeding Season: April to June.

Breeding Age: First year.

Clutch Size: 12-14 eggs.

Incubation Period:: 23 days.

Description - Male: Often confused with the Gambel's Quail at first glance, but closer observation shows that the male is slightly smaller, but share the tear-drop shaped, black crest. The face and throat is black, bordered a white stripe above the eye and along the throat; there is a small patch of yellow feathers at the base of the bill. The back of the neck and head is finely mottled with black, gray and white; the breast and upper back bluish-gray. The belly has a blackish-chestnut patch that is surrounded by black buff feathers that give a scaly appearance not seen in the Gambel.

Description - Female: Female: Hens can be distingushed from the Gambel hen by her smaller size and scaling on the breast and being lighter gray overall.

Status in Captivity:

Misc Notes: With such a diverse range and habitat, these birds do well in any climate. This species has no special demands and can reared in the same manner as Gambel and Scaled Quail


cline01 (1K)
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Bibliography and Further Reading

  • Brown, D. 1995 A Guide to Pigeons, Doves & Quail, Their Management, Care & Breeding. Australian Birdkeeper, South Tweeds Heads, Australia.
  • Jaramillo, A. 2003. Birds of Chile. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Johnsgard, P.A. 1988. The Quails, Partridges, and Francolins of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Madge, S., McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Robbins, G.E.S. 1994. Quail Their Breeding and Management. World Pheasant Association, Suffolk, UK.


cline01 (1K)


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