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Breeding Season: Late March & early April to June.
Clutch Size: 6 to 15; egg color: Pale buff to cream.
Incubation Period:: 24 to 25 days.
Description - Male: The largest North American quail, the Mountain Quail is distinguished from the other western plumed species in both sexes having straight, narrow crests. The crests are black and consist of only two feathers, the female's crest is usually shorter and more brownish than the males (she's also more brown on the back of the neck, compared to bluish-gray in the males), otherwise the sexes are similar.
Description - Female: See above.
Status in Captivity: Mountain Quail are well established and popular aviary birds.
Misc Notes: Mountain Quail do very when kept in large aviaries with lots of evergreen branches for them to perch and hide. A hardy species, they are very adaptable and can withstand both extremes of temperature.
Artificially reared chicks are prone to toe picking. Can be controlled by placing alfalfa hay on bottom of brooder, use dimly lit brooders and/or trim the upper beak back about 1/3. If you need to feed mealworms to encourage the birds to eat, cut into small pieces and only feed for a few days (the worms resemble toes).
Bibliography and Further Reading
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