Quail Incubation Chart







Bobwhite Colinus virginianus

21-23 days

7 to 28


Circulated Air incubators: 99 3/4 degrees F; 84 to 86 degrees F wet bulb, reduce during last week of incubation.

California Valley Quail Callipepla californica

22-23 days

10 to 14 eggs

Buff/cream with brown spots

Incubation as in Bobwhite.

Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii

21-23 days

6 to 19 eggs

Pale buff to white with moderate pink/brown spots

Lower humidity than two above species, wet bulb of 83 F; hens will lay several clutches in captivity, reports of 50 eggs per hen are not uncommon.

Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata

22-23 days

8 to 14 eggs

Pale Buff to cream, light spotting.

Humidity: 82 to 84 degrees F wet bulb.

Elegant Quail Callipepla douglasii

22-23 days

8 to 12 eggs


Humidity as in Scaled; chicks may not start eating on their own. Also known as Benson or Douglas Quail.

Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezuma

24-25 days

6 to 16 eggs


Keep wet bulb at 82 degrees F; chicks will need help to learn to eat.

Mountain Quail Oreortyx pictus

24-25 days

6 to 15

Pale buff to cream, no spotting

Wet Bulb of 82 to 84 degrees F.

Chinese Painted Quail Coturnix chinensis

16 days


Brown, mottled with black

Very tiny chicks, can slip through 1/2 inch hardware cloth; better known as the Button Quail.

Coturnix Quail Coturnix coturnix

16-17 days

8 to 13 eggs in the wild; captive hens known to lay over 100 eggs in a season.

As in above species.

Also known as the Pharaoh Quail and Migratory Quail; commercially raised for meat and eggs.

Chart compiled from information provided by Terry Smith in the November 2000 issue of Heartland News Additional sources: Grouse and Quails of North America, Paul Johnsgard 1973; Upland Game Birds, Their Breeding and Care, Leland Hayes, Ph.D. 1995.

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