Francolin & PartridgeWithin the family Phasianidae, Francolins, Partridge and Old World Quail (covered on the quail section here at gbwf.org) comprise the subfamily Perdicinae. This large subfamily consists of over 100 species, these short-tailed galliformes inhabit a variety of habitats from the high mountains of the Himalayas and the savannahs of Africa to the dense rainforests of southeast Asia. There are no species of this subfamily native to North America, however, the Chukar and Grey (Hungarian) Partridge have been introduced and now have well established breeding populations.
Despite the large number of species within Perdicinae, only a few are well established in our aviaries. This section is an introduction to Perdicinae and their captive management. It is highly recommended for the visitor to advance their knowledge by using the references and further readings recommended on the species sheets. These sheets are only an introduction and if a person is interested in aviculture, please read all available material and books before purchasing your birds.
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Francolins (genus Francolinus)
Francolins, largest genus of the family Phasianidae, with 36 African species and 5 Asian species. Several authorities have divided the African species into three genera - Peliperdix, Scleroptila and Pternistis, but according to Madge & McGowan (2002), these changes are not universally accepted.
African Francolin (Peliperdix)
African Francolin (Pternistis)
African Francolin (Scleroptila)
Asian Francolin (genus Francolinus)
Partridges are a medium sized bird and are popular as game birds and generally bred for release for hunting.
Bamboo-Partridges (genus Bambusicola)
Two species found in Asia.
Black Wood Partridge (genus Melanoperdix)
Single species inhabiting forests of Malaysia, Sumatra & Borneo.
Crimson-headed Partridge (genus Haematortyx)
One species endemic to the forests of Borneo.
Ferruginous Partridge (genus Caloperdix)
One species native to southeast Asia.
Grey Partridges or Typical (genus Perdix)
Typical or Grey Partridges, three species native to Europe & Asia.
Hill-Partridges (genus Arborophila)
21 species found in the forests of Asia.
Long-billed Partridge (genus Rhizothera)
One species found in tropical Asia.
Madagascar Partridge (genus Margaroperdix)
Single species that is endemic to Madagascar.
Monal-Partridges (genus Ammoperdix)
Two species found in northeastern Africa & southwest Asia.
Monal-Partridges (genus Tetraophasis)
Two species native to China.
The Rock Partridges (genus Alectoris)
Also known as Red-legged Partridges, seven species found in Europe, Africa & Asia. One species, the Chukar, has been introduced throughout the world as a game bird.
Snow Partridge (genus Lerwa)
One species found throughout the Himalayas.
Snowcock (genus Tetragallus)
Five species of large partridges found in montane Asia.
Spurfowl (genus Galloperdix)
There are three species found on the Indian subcontinent.
Stone Partridge (genus Ptilopachus)
Single species native to Africa.
Udzungwa Partridge (genus Xenoperdix)
Single species that was first described in the early 1990s in Tanzania.
Disclaimer: THIS IS NOT A CATALOG OR PRICE LIST. Any requests for pheasants for sale will go unanswered, check out the GBWF Classifieds for possible surplus. Again, this site is not a catalog or price list!!!!
Information found on the species accounts/fact sheets have come from personal experience, personal communications, publications and books. The information found within is designed as an introduction to game bird aviculture. I cannot guarantee what has worked for one will work for another. These birds can be unpredictable, and we learn something new from them every day. Those interested in this hobby for the first time should check with their local conservation departments for permit information before purchasing birds. Remember, game birds are living creatures, not show pieces or ornaments. We encourage all interested in this hobby to provide optimal care for their birds. Beginners to this hobby should learn as much as they can from other keepers, books and publications before purchasing birds. Many forums are available through the internet, and many keepers will be happy to share their personal experiences about a particular species. If you cannot properly house or care for these birds, DO NOT buy any. We do not encourage hybridization of any pure species or subspecies of wildlife. Responsible animal ownership is the goal and education is the key. The webmaster of this site does not offer any birds for sale. gbwf.org will always be a work in progress, with new information added often. Advertisement opportunities are available, please e-mail for more information.
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