The smallest of galliformes, quail are found throughout the world in a variety of habitats. New World Quail belong to the family Odontophoridae, which according to Johnsgard, contains 9 genera and 31 species. Old World Quail belong to the family Phasianidae, a large family that also contains pheasants, partridge and francolin. New World Quail differ from the Old World birds in having a serrated lower mandible and lack tarsal spurs. Many quail species are popular avicultural subjects and their small size makes them ideal for those with limited space.
It is highly recommended for the visitor to advance their knowledge by using the references and further readings recommended on the species sheets. These sheets are only an introduction and if a person is interested in quail aviculture, please read all available material and books before purchasing your birds.
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Barred Quail (genus Philortyx)
(also known as the Banded Quail)
One species endemic to Mexico.
Bobwhites (genus Colinus)
There are a large number of subspecies that are sometimes considered full species, but usually only four species are recognized.
Crested or Desert Quail (genus Callipepla)
Four species native to the south-western United States and Mexico.
Mountain Quail (genus Oreortyx)
One species found in western North America.
Ocellated Quail (genus Cyrtonyx)
Two species found from the south-western United States to Central America.
Singing Quail (genus Dactylortyx)
One species with a large number of subspecies found in Central America.
Tawny-faced Quail (genus Rhynchortyx)
One species native to Central & South America.
Tree-Quail (genus Dendrortyx)
(also known as Wood-Partridges)
Three species found in Mexico and Central America.
Wood Quail (genus Odontophorus)
Fifteen species native to Central and South America.
Bush-Quail (genus Perdicula)
Four species found on the Indian subcontinent.
Himalayan Quail (genus Ophrysia)
One species now believed to be extinct.
Snow Mountain Quail (genus Anurophasis)
One species endemic to New Guinea.
Typical Quail (genus Coturnix)
Eight species found throughout the Old World and one extinct species.
Disclaimer: THIS IS NOT A CATALOG OR PRICE LIST. Any requests for pheasants for sale will go unanswered, check out the GBWF Classifieds for possible surplus. Again, this site is not a catalog or price list!!!!
Information found on the species accounts/fact sheets have come from personal experience, personal communications, publications and books. The information found within is designed as an introduction to game bird aviculture. I cannot guarantee what has worked for one will work for another. These birds can be unpredictable, and we learn something new from them every day. Those interested in this hobby for the first time should check with their local conservation departments for permit information before purchasing birds. Remember, game birds are living creatures, not show pieces or ornaments. We encourage all interested in this hobby to provide optimal care for their birds. Beginners to this hobby should learn as much as they can from other keepers, books and publications before purchasing birds. Many forums are available through the internet, and many keepers will be happy to share their personal experiences about a particular species. If you cannot properly house or care for these birds, DO NOT buy any. We do not encourage hybridization of any pure species or subspecies of wildlife. Responsible animal ownership is the goal and education is the key. The webmaster of this site does not offer any birds for sale. gbwf.org will always be a work in progress, with new information added often. Advertisement opportunities are available, please e-mail for more information.
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